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OpenID Connect API#

OpenID Connect Authorization Grant#

This page provides an interface to request authorization through REST web services.

Authorization Endpoint#

/.well-known/openid-configuration

Path#

/oxauth/restv1/authorize

requestAuthorizationGet#

GET /oxauth/restv1/authorize

The authorization endpoint performs end-user authentication. This is done by sending the user agent to the authorization server using request parameters defined by OAuth 2.0 and additional parameters and parameter values defined by OpenID Connect.

URL#

http://<hostname of Gluu Server>/oxauth/restv1/authorize

Parameters#

Parameter Required Description Data Type
scope true OpenID Connect requests MUST contain the openid scope value. If the openid scope value is not present, the behavior is entirely unspecified. Other scope values MAY be present. Scope values used that are not understood by an implementation SHOULD be ignored. string
response_type true OAuth 2.0 Response Type value that determines the authorization processing flow to be used, including what parameters are returned from the endpoints used. When using the Authorization Code Flow, this value is code. string
client_id true OAuth 2.0 Client Identifier valid at the Authorization Server. string
redirect_uri true Redirection URI to which the response will be sent. This URI MUST exactly match one of the Redirection URI values for the Client pre-registered at the OpenID Provider string
state false Opaque value used to maintain state between the request and the callback. Typically, Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF, XSRF) mitigation is done by cryptographically binding the value of this parameter with a browser cookie. string
response_mode false This parameter informs the authorization server about the mechanism to be used to return parameters from the authorization endpoint. This is not recommended if the default for response_type is requested. string
nonce false String value used to associate a Client session with an ID Token, and to mitigate replay attacks. The value is passed through unmodified from the Authorization Request to the ID Token. Sufficient entropy MUST be present in the nonce values used to prevent attackers from guessing values. string
display false ASCII string value that specifies how the Authorization Server displays the authentication and consent user interface pages to the end-user. The defined values are: page, popup, touch, wap string
prompt false Space delimited, case sensitive list of ASCII string values that specifies whether the Authorization Server prompts the end-user for re-authentication and consent. The defined values are: none, login, consent, select_account string
max_age false Maximum Authentication Age. Specifies the allowable elapsed time in seconds since the last time the end-user was actively authenticated by the OP. If the elapsed time is greater than this value, the OP MUST attempt to actively re-authenticate the end-user. (The max_age request parameter corresponds to the OpenID 2.0 PAPE [OpenID.PAPE] max_auth_age request parameter.) When max_age is used, the ID Token returned MUST include an auth_time Claim Value. int
ui_locales false end-user's preferred languages and scripts for the user interface, represented as a space-separated list of BCP47 [RFC5646] language tag values, ordered by preference. For instance, the value "fr-CA fr en" represents a preference for French as spoken in Canada, then French (without a region designation), followed by English (without a region designation). An error SHOULD NOT result if some or all of the requested locales are not supported by the OpenID Provider. string
id_token_hint false ID Token previously issued by the Authorization Server being passed as a hint about the end-user's current or past authenticated session with the Client. If the end-user identified by the ID Token is logged in or is logged in by the request, then the Authorization Server returns a positive response; otherwise, it SHOULD return an error, such as login_required. When possible, an id_token_hint SHOULD be present when prompt=none is used and an invalid_request error MAY be returned if it is not; however, the server SHOULD respond successfully when possible, even if it is not present. The Authorization Server need not be listed as an audience of the ID Token when it is used as an id_token_hint value. string
login_hint false Hint to the Authorization Server about the login identifier the end-user might use to log in (if necessary). This hint can be used by an RP if it first asks the end-user for their e-mail address (or other identifier) and then wants to pass that value as a hint to the discovered authorization service. It is RECOMMENDED that the hint value match the value used for discovery. This value MAY also be a phone number in the format specified for the phone_number Claim. The use of this parameter is left to the OP's discretion. string
acr_values false Requested Authentication Context Class Reference values. Space-separated string that specifies the acr values that the Authorization Server is being requested to use for processing this Authentication Request, with the values appearing in order of preference. The Authentication Context Class satisfied by the authentication performed is returned as the acr Claim Value, as specified in Section 2. The acr Claim is requested as a Voluntary Claim by this parameter. string
amr_values false AMR Values string
request false This parameter enables OpenID Connect requests to be passed in a single, self-contained parameter and to be optionally signed and/or encrypted. The parameter value is a Request Object value, as specified in Section 6.1. It represents the request as a JWT whose Claims are the request parameters. string
request_uri false This parameter enables OpenID Connect requests to be passed by reference, rather than by value. The request_uri value is a URL using the https scheme referencing a resource containing a Request Object value, which is a JWT containing the request parameters. string
request_session_state false Request session state string
sessionState false This is an optional parameter string
accessToken false This parameter is optional and carries the access token for the request. string
origin_headers false This optional token is used in custom workflows. string
codeChallenge false This parameter allows the code to be challenged using PKCE. string
codeChallengeMethod false This parameter allows the use of PKCE to challenge code. string
httpRequest false This is an optional parameter string

The response_type parameter determines the authorization processing flows, including the parameters returned from the endpoints. These values can be code or a combination of the values, and can be a combination of code, token, and/or id_token.

Possible Combination Description
code The authorization code generated by the authorization server. The authorization code MUST expire shortly after it is issued to mitigate the risk of leaks. A maximum authorization code lifetime of 10 minutes is RECOMMENDED. The client MUST NOT use the authorization code more than once. If an authorization code is used more than once, the authorization server MUST deny the request and SHOULD revoke (when possible) all tokens previously issued based on that authorization code. The authorization code is bound to the client identifier and redirection URI.
token If the resource owner grants the access request, the authorization server issues an access token and delivers it to the client by adding the following parameters to the fragment component of the redirection URI using the "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" format.
id_token The ID Token is a security token that contains Claims about the Authentication of an End-User by an Authorization Server when using a Client, and potentially other requested Claims. The ID Token is represented as a JSON Web Token (JWT). The intended purpose of the id_token is that it MUST provide an assertion of the identity of the Resource Owner as understood by the Authorization Server. The assertion MUST specify a targeted audience, e.g. the requesting Client.
code token When supplied as the value for the response_type parameter, a successful response MUST include an Access Token, an Access Token Type, and an Authorization Code. The default Response Mode for this Response Type is the fragment encoding and the query encoding MUST NOT be used. Both successful and error responses SHOULD be returned using the supplied Response Mode, or if none is supplied, using the default Response Mode.
code id_token When supplied as the value for the response_type parameter, a successful response MUST include both an Authorization Code and an id_token. The default Response Mode for this Response Type is the fragment encoding and the query encoding MUST NOT be used. Both successful and error responses SHOULD be returned using the supplied Response Mode, or if none is supplied, using the default Response Mode.
id_token token When supplied as the value for the response_type parameter, a successful response MUST include an Access Token, an Access Token Type, and an id_token. The default Response Mode for this Response Type is the fragment encoding and the query encoding MUST NOT be used. Both successful and error responses SHOULD be returned using the supplied Response Mode, or if none is supplied, using the default Response Mode.
code id_token token When supplied as the value for the response_type parameter, a successful response MUST include an Authorization Code, an id_token, an Access Token, and an Access Token Type. The default Response Mode for this Response Type is the fragment encoding and the query encoding MUST NOT be used. Both successful and error responses SHOULD be returned using the supplied Response Mode, or if none is supplied, using the default Response Mode.

For authorization endpoint, parameter response_mode can have any of the below modes and in each mode authorization response is encoded in different way.

Authorization Mode Description
query Authorization Response parameters are encoded in the query string added to the redirect_uri when redirecting back to the Client.
fragment Authorization Response parameters are encoded in the fragment added to the redirect_uri when redirecting back to the Client.
form_post Authorization Response parameters are encoded as HTML form values that are auto-submitted in the User Agent, and thus are transmitted via the HTTP POST method to the Client, with the result parameters being encoded in the body using the application/x-www-form-urlencoded format.

Using JWTs for Passing Request Parameters#

To enable authentication requests to be signed and optionally encrypted, authorization request parameters are used, listed below. These requests are passed as Request Objects in two ways, by value and by reference.

Parameter Description Required
requests This parameter enables OpenID Connect requests to be passed in a single, self-contained parameter and to be optionally signed and/or encrypted. The parameter value is a Request Object value,It represents the request as a JWT whose Claims are the request parameters. Optional
request_uri This parameter enables OpenID Connect requests to be passed by reference, rather than by value. The request_uri value is a URL using the https scheme referencing a resource containing a Request Object value, which is a JWT containing the request parameters. Optional

Request Object by Value#

The request Authorization Request parameter is used to enable OpenID Connect requests to pass single, self-contained parameter and optionally signed and/or encrypred. The request is represented as a JWT whose claims are request parameters. This JWT is called a Request Object. The request parameter is Optional. When the request parameter is used, the OpenID connect request parameter values contained in JWT supersede those passed using OAuth 2.0 request syntax. However, parameters MAY also be passed using the OAuth 2.0 request syntax even when a Request Object is used; this would typically be done to enable a cached, pre-signed (and possibly pre-encrypted) Request Object value to be used containing the fixed request parameters, while parameters that can vary with each request, such as state and nonce, are passed as OAuth 2.0 parameters.

The request to be valid in OAuth 2.0 Authorization Request, values for response_type and client_id parameters MUST be included using the OAuth 2.0 request syntax, since they are REQUIRED by OAuth 2.0. The values for these parameters MUST match those in the Request Object.

request and request_uri parameters MUST NOT be included in Request Objects.

The following is a non-normative example of the claims in a Request Object before base64url encoding and signing:

  {
   "iss": "s6BhdRkqt3",
   "aud": "https://server.example.com",
   "response_type": "code id_token",
   "client_id": "s6BhdRkqt3",
   "redirect_uri": "https://client.example.org/cb",
   "scope": "openid",
   "state": "af0ifjsldkj",
   "nonce": "n-0S6_WzA2Mj",
   "max_age": 86400,
   "claims":
    {
     "userinfo":
      {
       "given_name": {"essential": true},
       "nickname": null,
       "email": {"essential": true},
       "email_verified": {"essential": true},
       "picture": null
      },
     "id_token":
      {
       "gender": null,
       "birthdate": {"essential": true},
       "acr": {"values": ["urn:mace:incommon:iap:silver"]}
      }
    }
  }

Using the request Request Parameter#

The Client sends the Authorization Request to the Authorization Endpoint.

The following is a non-normative example of an Authorization Request using the request parameter (with line wraps within values for display purposes only):

  https://server.example.com/oxauth/restv1/authorize?
    response_type=code%20id_token
    &client_id=s6BhdRkqt3
    &redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fclient.example.org%2Fcb
    &scope=openid
    &state=af0ifjsldkj
    &nonce=n-0S6_WzA2Mj
    &request=eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsImtpZCI6ImsyYmRjIn0.ew0KICJpc3MiOiA
    iczZCaGRSa3F0MyIsDQogImF1ZCI6ICJodHRwczovL3NlcnZlci5leGFtcGxlLmN
    vbSIsDQogInJlc3BvbnNlX3R5cGUiOiAiY29kZSBpZF90b2tlbiIsDQogImNsaWV
    udF9pZCI6ICJzNkJoZFJrcXQzIiwNCiAicmVkaXJlY3RfdXJpIjogImh0dHBzOi8
    vY2xpZW50LmV4YW1wbGUub3JnL2NiIiwNCiAic2NvcGUiOiAib3BlbmlkIiwNCiA
    ic3RhdGUiOiAiYWYwaWZqc2xka2oiLA0KICJub25jZSI6ICJuLTBTNl9XekEyTWo
    iLA0KICJtYXhfYWdlIjogODY0MDAsDQogImNsYWltcyI6IA0KICB7DQogICAidXN
    lcmluZm8iOiANCiAgICB7DQogICAgICJnaXZlbl9uYW1lIjogeyJlc3NlbnRpYWw
    iOiB0cnVlfSwNCiAgICAgIm5pY2tuYW1lIjogbnVsbCwNCiAgICAgImVtYWlsIjo
    geyJlc3NlbnRpYWwiOiB0cnVlfSwNCiAgICAgImVtYWlsX3ZlcmlmaWVkIjogeyJ
    lc3NlbnRpYWwiOiB0cnVlfSwNCiAgICAgInBpY3R1cmUiOiBudWxsDQogICAgfSw
    NCiAgICJpZF90b2tlbiI6IA0KICAgIHsNCiAgICAgImdlbmRlciI6IG51bGwsDQo
    gICAgICJiaXJ0aGRhdGUiOiB7ImVzc2VudGlhbCI6IHRydWV9LA0KICAgICAiYWN
    yIjogeyJ2YWx1ZXMiOiBbInVybjptYWNlOmluY29tbW9uOmlhcDpzaWx2ZXIiXX0
    NCiAgICB9DQogIH0NCn0.nwwnNsk1-ZkbmnvsF6zTHm8CHERFMGQPhos-EJcaH4H
    h-sMgk8ePrGhw_trPYs8KQxsn6R9Emo_wHwajyFKzuMXZFSZ3p6Mb8dkxtVyjoy2
    GIzvuJT_u7PkY2t8QU9hjBcHs68PkgjDVTrG1uRTx0GxFbuPbj96tVuj11pTnmFC
    UR6IEOXKYr7iGOCRB3btfJhM0_AKQUfqKnRlrRscc8Kol-cSLWoYE9l5QqholImz
    jT_cMnNIznW9E7CDyWXTsO70xnB4SkG6pXfLSjLLlxmPGiyon_-Te111V8uE83Il
    zCYIb_NMXvtTIVc1jpspnTSD7xMbpL-2QgwUsAlMGzw

Request Object by Reference#

The request_uri Authorization Request parameter enables OpenID Connect requests to be passed by reference, rather than by value. This parameter is used identically to the request parameter, other than that the Request Object value is retrieved from the resource at the specified URL, rather than passed by value.

The request_uri_parameter_supported Discovery result indicates whether the OP supports this parameter. Should an OP not support this parameter and an RP uses it, the OP MUST return the request_uri_not_supported error. When request_uri parameter is used, the OpenID Connect request parameter values contained in the referenced JWT supersede those passed using the OAuth 2.0 request syntax. However, parameters MAY also be passed using the OAuth 2.0 request syntax even when a request_uri is used; this would typically be done to enable a cached, pre-signed (and possibly pre-encrypted) Request Object value to be used containing the fixed request parameters, while parameters that can vary with each request, such as state and nonce, are passed as OAuth 2.0 parameters.

The request to be a valid OAuth 2.0 Authorization Request, values for the response_type and client_id parameters MUST be included using the OAuth 2.0 request syntax, since they are REQUIRED by OAuth 2.0. The values for these parameters MUST match those in the Request Object

URL Referencing the Request Object#

The Client stores the Request Object resource either locally or remotely at a URL the Server can access. This URL is the Request URI, request_uri.

If values for Claims are included in the Request Object, it MUST NOT be revealed to anybody but the Authorization Server. As such, the request_uri MUST have appropriate entropy for its lifetime. It is RECOMMENDED that it be removed if it is known that it will not be used again or after a reasonable timeout unless access control measures are taken.

The following is a non-normative example of a Request URI value (with line wraps within values for display purposes only):

    https://client.example.org/request.jwt#GkurKxf5T0Y-mnPFCHqWOMiZi4VS138cQO_V7PZHAdM

Using the request_uri Request Parameter Request#

The Client sends the Authorization Request to the Authorization Endpoint.

The following is a non-normative example of an Authorization Request using the request_uri parameter (with line wraps within values for display purposes only):

  https://server.example.com/oxauth/restv1/authorize?
    response_type=code%20id_token
    &client_id=s6BhdRkqt3
    &request_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fclient.example.org%2Frequest.jwt
    %23GkurKxf5T0Y-mnPFCHqWOMiZi4VS138cQO_V7PZHAdM
    &state=af0ifjsldkj&nonce=n-0S6_WzA2Mj
    &scope=openid

For more details on Authorization request parameters using JWTs, visit here.

Response#

Successful Response#

The authorization server issues an access token and optional refresh token, and constructs the response by adding the following parameters to the entity-body of the HTTP response with a 200 (OK) status code:

Parameter Description Required
access_token The access token issued by the authorization server. Required
token_type The access token type provides the client with the information required to successfully utilize the access token to make a protected resource request (along with type-specific attributes). The client MUST NOT use an access token if it does not understand the token type. Value is not case sensitive. Required
expires_in The lifetime in seconds of the access token. For example, the value "3600" denotes that the access token will expire in one hour from the time the response was generated. If omitted, the authorization server SHOULD provide the expiration time via other means or document the default value. RECOMMENDED
refresh_token The refresh token, which can be used to obtain new access tokens using the same authorization grant Optional
scope Optional, identical to the scope requested by the client. Required, The scope of the access token is used as `request parameter` or `response parameter` Optional and Required depending on the `scope`

Error Response#

Parameter Description Required
error A single ASCII error code from the below table Required
error_description Human-readable ASCII [USASCII] text providing additional information, used to assist the client developer in understanding the error that occurred. Values for the "error_description" parameter MUST NOT include characters outside the set %x20-21 / %x23-5B / %x5D-7E. Optional
error_uri A URI identifying a human-readable web page with information about the error, used to provide the client developer with additional information about the error. Values for the "error_uri" parameter MUST conform to the URI-reference syntax and thus MUST NOT include characters outside the set %x21 / %x23-5B / %x5D-7E. Optional
Status Code Reason
302 interaction_required The Authorization Server requires end-user interaction of some form to proceed. This error MAY be returned when the prompt parameter value in the Authentication Request is none, but the Authentication Request cannot be completed without displaying a user interface for end-user interaction.
302 login_required The Authorization Server requires end-user authentication. This error MAY be returned when the prompt parameter value in the Authentication Request is none, but the Authentication Request cannot be completed without displaying a user interface for end-user authentication.
302 account_selection_required The end-user is REQUIRED to select a session at the Authorization Server. The end-user MAY be authenticated at the Authorization Server with different associated accounts, but the end-user did not select a session. This error MAY be returned when the prompt parameter value in the Authentication Request is none, but the Authentication Request cannot be completed without displaying a user interface to prompt for a session to use.
302 consent_required The Authorization Server requires end-user consent. This error MAY be returned when the prompt parameter value in the Authentication Request is none, but the Authentication Request cannot be completed without displaying a user interface for end-user consent.
302 invalid_request_uri The request_uri in the Authorization Request returns an error or contains invalid data.
302 invalid_request_object The request parameter contains an invalid Request Object.
302 request_not_supported The OP does not support use of the request parameter
302 request_uri_not_supported The OP does not support use of the request_uri parameter
302 registration_not_supported The OP does not support use of the registration parameter
400 The request parameters contain an invalid option, e.g. an unusual grant type.
401 The request could not be authenticated using the client_id and client_secret.
500 Either an internal server error occurred (e.g. the OpenDJ server is down), or the username and password do not match any known user.

requestAuthorizationPost#

POST /oxauth/restv1/authorize

The Authorization Endpoint performs end-user authentication.

URL#

http://<hostname of Gluu Server>/oxauth/restv1/authorize

Parameters#

Parameter Required Description Data Type
scope true OpenID Connect requests MUST contain the openid scope value. If the openid scope value is not present, the behavior is entirely unspecified. Other scope values MAY be present. Scope values used that are not understood by an implementation SHOULD be ignored. string
response_type true OAuth 2.0 Response Type value that determines the authorization processing flow to be used, including what parameters are returned from the endpoints used. When using the Authorization Code Flow, this value is code. string
client_id true OAuth 2.0 Client Identifier valid at the Authorization Server. string
redirect_uri true Redirection URI to which the response will be sent. This URI MUST exactly match one of the Redirection URI values for the Client pre-registered at the OpenID Provider string
state false Opaque value used to maintain state between the request and the callback. Typically, Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF, XSRF) mitigation is done by cryptographically binding the value of this parameter with a browser cookie. string
response_mode false Informs the Authorization Server of the mechanism to be used for returning parameters from the Authorization Endpoint. This use of this parameter is NOT RECOMMENDED when the Response Mode that would be requested is the default mode specified for the Response Type. string
nonce false String value used to associate a Client session with an ID Token and to mitigate replay attacks. The value is passed through unmodified from the Authorization Request to the ID Token. Sufficient entropy MUST be present in the nonce values used to prevent attackers from guessing values. string
display false ASCII string value that specifies how the Authorization Server displays the authentication and consent user interface pages to the end-user. The defined values are: page, popup, touch, wap string
prompt false Space delimited, case sensitive list of ASCII string values that specifies whether the Authorization Server prompts the end-user for re-authentication and consent. The defined values are: none, login, consent, select_account string
max_age false Maximum Authentication Age. Specifies the allowable elapsed time in seconds since the last time the end-user was actively authenticated by the OP. If the elapsed time is greater than this value, the OP MUST attempt to actively re-authenticate the end-user. (The max_age request parameter corresponds to the OpenID 2.0 PAPE [OpenID.PAPE] max_auth_age request parameter.) When max_age is used, the ID Token returned MUST include an auth_time Claim Value. int
ui_locales false End-user's preferred languages and scripts for the user interface, represented as a space-separated list of BCP47 [RFC5646] language tag values, ordered by preference. For instance, the value "fr-CA fr en" represents a preference for French as spoken in Canada, then French (without a region designation), followed by English (without a region designation). An error SHOULD NOT result if some or all of the requested locales are not supported by the OpenID Provider. string
id_token_hint false ID Token previously issued by the Authorization Server being passed as a hint about the end-user's current or past authenticated session with the Client. If the end-user identified by the ID Token is logged in or is logged in by the request, then the Authorization Server returns a positive response; otherwise, it SHOULD return an error, such as login_required. When possible, an id_token_hint SHOULD be present when prompt=none is used and an invalid_request error MAY be returned if it is not; however, the server SHOULD respond successfully when possible, even if it is not present. The Authorization Server need not be listed as an audience of the ID Token when it is used as an id_token_hint value. string
login_hint false Hint to the Authorization Server about the login identifier the end-user might use to log in (if necessary). This hint can be used by an RP if it first asks the end-user for their e-mail address (or other identifier) and then wants to pass that value as a hint to the discovered authorization service. It is RECOMMENDED that the hint value match the value used for discovery. This value MAY also be a phone number in the format specified for the phone_number Claim. The use of this parameter is left to the OP's discretion. string
acr_values false Requested Authentication Context Class Reference values. Space-separated string that specifies the acr values that the Authorization Server is being requested to use for processing this Authentication Request, with the values appearing in order of preference. The Authentication Context Class satisfied by the authentication performed is returned as the acr Claim Value, as specified in section 2. The acr Claim is requested as a Voluntary Claim by this parameter. string
amr_values false AMR Values string
request false This parameter enables OpenID Connect requests to be passed in a single, self-contained parameter and to be optionally signed and/or encrypted. The parameter value is a Request Object value, as specified in section 6.1. It represents the request as a JWT whose Claims are the request parameters. string
request_uri false This parameter enables OpenID Connect requests to be passed by reference, rather than by value. The request_uri value is a URL using the https scheme referencing a resource containing a Request Object value, which is a JWT containing the request parameters. string
request_session_state false Request session state string
session_state false Session state of this call string
access_token false Access token string
origin_headers false Origin headers. Used in custom workflows. string
code_challenge false PKCE Code challenge string
code_challenge_method false PKCE code challenge method string

Response#

JSON[Response]

Errors#

Status Code Reason
302 interaction_required The Authorization Server requires end-user interaction of some form to proceed. This error MAY be returned when the prompt parameter value in the Authentication Request is none, but the Authentication Request cannot be completed without displaying a user interface for end-user interaction.
302 login_required The Authorization Server requires end-user authentication. This error MAY be returned when the prompt parameter value in the Authentication Request is none, but the Authentication Request cannot be completed without displaying a user interface for end-user authentication.
302 account_selection_required The end-user is REQUIRED to select a session at the Authorization Server. The end-user MAY be authenticated at the Authorization Server with different associated accounts, but the end-user did not select a session. This error MAY be returned when the prompt parameter value in the Authentication Request is none, but the Authentication Request cannot be completed without displaying a user interface to prompt for a session to use.
302 consent_required The Authorization Server requires end-user consent. This error MAY be returned when the prompt parameter value in the Authentication Request is none, but the Authentication Request cannot be completed without displaying a user interface for end-user consent.
302 invalid_request_uri The request_uri in the Authorization Request returns an error or contains invalid data.
302 invalid_request_object The request parameter contains an invalid Request Object.
302 request_not_supported The OP does not support use of the request parameter
302 request_uri_not_supported The OP does not support use of the request_uri parameter
302 registration_not_supported The OP does not support use of the registration parameter


OpenID Connect Token Endpoint#

Overview#

Path#

/oxauth/restv1/authorize**

requestAccessToken#

POST /oxauth/restv1/authorize

To obtain an Access Token, an ID Token, and optionally a Refresh Token, the RP (Client) sends a Token Request to the Token Endpoint to obtain a Token Response. Token Endpoint requires Client Authentication methods to authenticate clients to the authorization server.

Below are the Client Authentication methods:

Method Description
client_secret_basic Clients that have received a client_secret value from the Authorization Server authenticate with the Authorization Server using the HTTP Basic authentication scheme.
client_secret_post Clients that have received a client_secret value from the Authorization Server, authenticate with the Authorization Server by including the Client Credentials in the request body.
client_secret_jwt Clients that have received a client_secret value from the Authorization Server create a JWT using an HMAC SHA algorithm
private_key_jwt Clients that have registered a public key sign a JWT using that key
none The Client does not authenticate itself at the Token Endpoint, either because it uses only the Implicit Flow (and so does not use the Token Endpoint) or because it is a Public Client with no Client Secret or other authentication mechanism.
The JWT MUST contain the following REQUIRED Claim Values and MAY contain the following OPTIONAL Claim Values:
Claim Values Description
iss REQUIRED. Issuer. This MUST contain the client_id of the OAuth Client.
sub REQUIRED. Subject. This MUST contain the client_id of the OAuth Client.
aud REQUIRED. Audience. The aud (audience) Claim. Value that identifies the Authorization Server as an intended audience. The Authorization Server MUST verify that it is an intended audience for the token. The Audience SHOULD be the URL of the Authorization Server's Token Endpoint.
jti REQUIRED. JWT ID. A unique identifier for the token, which can be used to prevent reuse of the token. These tokens MUST only be used once, unless conditions for reuse were negotiated between the parties; any such negotiation is beyond the scope of this specification.
exp REQUIRED. Expiration time on or after which the ID Token MUST NOT be accepted for processing.
iat OPTIONAL. Time at which the JWT was issued.
For more details on client Authentication

URL#
http://gluu.org/oxauth/restv1/authorize
Parameters#

Parameter Required Description Data Type
grant_type true Grant type value, one of these: authorization_code, implicit, password, client_credentials, refresh_token as described in OAuth 2.0 [RFC6749]. string
code false Code which is returned by authorization endpoint (For grant_type=authorization_code). string
redirect_uri false Redirection URI to which the response will be sent. This URI MUST exactly match one of the redirection URI values for the client pre-registered at the OpenID Provider. string
username false End-User username. string
password false End-User password. string
scope false OpenID Connect requests MUST contain the openid scope value. If the openid scope value is not present, the behavior is entirely unspecified. Other scope values MAY be present. Scope values used that are not understood by an implementation SHOULD be ignored. string
assertion false Assertion. string
refresh_token false Refresh token. string
oxauth_exchange_token false oxauth_exchange_token. string
client_id false OAuth 2.0 Client Identifier valid at the Authorization Server. string
client_secret false The client secret. The client MAY omit the parameter if the client secret is an empty string. string

Response#

JSON[Response]

Errors#

Status Code Reason
400 invalid_request The request is missing a required parameter, includes an unsupported parameter value (other than grant type), repeats a parameter, includes multiple credentials, utilizes more than one mechanism for authenticating the client, or is otherwise malformed.
400 invalid_client Client authentication failed (e.g., unknown client, no client authentication included, or unsupported authentication method). The authorization server MAY return an HTTP 401 (Unauthorized) status code to indicate which HTTP authentication schemes are supported. If the client attempted to authenticate via the "Authorization" request header field, the authorization server MUST respond with an HTTP 401 (Unauthorized) status code and include the "WWW-Authenticate" response header field matching the authentication scheme used by the client.
400 invalid_grant The provided authorization grant (e.g., authorization code, resource owner credentials) or refresh token is invalid, expired, revoked, does not match the redirection uri used in the authorization request, or was issued to another client.
400 unauthorized_client The authenticated client is not authorized to use this authorization grant type.
400 unsupported_grant_type The authorization grant type is not supported by the authorization server.
400 invalid_scope The requested scope is invalid, unknown, malformed, or exceeds the scope granted by the resource owner.

API for oxAuth Clientinfo#

This document provides an interface for Client Info REST web services.

Path#

/oxauth/restv1/clientinfo

Overview#

The ClientInfo Endpoint is an OAuth 2.0 Protected Resource that returns Claims about the registered client.

clientinfoGet#

Parameter Description Data Type
access_token The access token for oxAuth string
authorization The authorization for the client string

clientinfoPost#

Parameter Description Data Type
access_token The access token for oxAuth string
authorization The authorization for the client string

OpenID Connect Register Client API#

Overview#

Any OpenID Client needs to register with the OpenID Provider to utilize OpenID Services, in this case register a user, and acquire a client ID and a shared secret.

Note

It's possible to specify additional parameters, which can be sent in registration and registration management requests in addition to standard ones defined by corresponding specifications. It allows, for example, to set and modify Gluu's proprietary client properties that are otherwise inaccessible via this protocol. Additional parameters are added as items under the "dynamicRegistrationCustomAttributes" section at "Configuration -> JSON Configuration -> oxAuth" page. Each item must contain the name of the LDAP attribute storing the corresponding property's value (which is usually different from the displayed name of the property). By default it allows setting only the "oxAuthTrustedClient" attribute which corresponds to the "Pre-Authorization" property.

Path#

/oxauth/restv1/register

registerPost#

POST /oxauth/restv1/register

Registers new dynamic client in oxAuth.

URL#

http://gluu.org/oxauth/restv1/register

Parameters#

Parameter Description
redirect_uris Redirection URI values used by the Client. One of these registered Redirection URI values must exactly match the redirect_uri parameter value used in each Authorization Request
response_types A list of the OAuth 2.0 response_type values that the Client is declaring that it will restrict itself to using. If omitted, the default is that the Client will use only the code Response Type. Allowed values are code, token, id_token
grant_types A list of the OAuth 2.0 Grant Types that the Client is declaring that it will restrict itself to using. The Grant Type values used by OpenID Connect are:
  • authorization_code The Authorization Code Grant Type
  • implicit The Implicit Grant Type
  • refresh_token The Refresh Token Grant Type
The following table lists the correspondence between response_type values that the Client will use and grant_type values that MUST be included in the registered grant_types list:
  • code: authorization_code
  • id_token: implicit
  • token id_token: implicit
  • code id_token: authorization_code, implicit
  • code token: authorization_code, implicit
  • code token id_token: authorization_code, implicit
application_type Kind of the application. The default, if omitted, is web. The defined values are native or web. Web Clients using the OAuth Implicit Grant Type must only register URLs using the HTTPS scheme as redirect_uris; they must not use localhost as the hostname. Native Clients must only register redirect_uris using custom URI schemes or URLs using the http: scheme with localhost as the hostname.
contacts e-mail addresses of people responsible for this Client.
client_name Name of the Client to be presented to the End-User.
logo_uri URL that references a logo for the Client application. If present, the server displays this image to the end user during approval. The value of this field must point to a valid image file.
client_uri URL of the home page of the Client. The value of this field must point to a valid Web page. If present, the server displays this URL to the end user in a followable fashion.
policy_uri URL that the Relying Party Client provides to the End-User to read about the how the profile data will be used. The value of this field must point to a valid web page. The OpenID Provider displays this URL to the End-User if it is given.
tos_uri URL that the Relying Party Client provides to the End-User to read about the Relying Party's terms of service. The value of this field must point to a valid web page. The OpenID Provider displays this URL to the End-User if it is given.
jwks_uri URL for the Client's JSON Web Key Set (JWK) document. If the Client signs requests to the Server, it contains the signing key(s) the Server uses to validate signatures from the Client. The JWK Set may also contain the Client's encryption keys(s), which are used by the Server to encrypt responses to the Client. When both signing and encryption keys are made available, a use (Key Use) parameter value is required for all keys in the referenced JWK Set to indicate each key's intended usage. Although some algorithms allow the same key to be used for both signatures and encryption, doing so is not recommended, as it is less secure. The JWK x5c parameter MAY be used to provide X.509 representations of keys provided. When used, the bare key values must still be present and must match those in the certificate.
jwks Client's JSON Web Key Set (JWK) document, passed by value. The semantics of the jwks parameter are the same as the jwks_uri parameter, other than that the JWK Set is passed by value, rather than by reference. This parameter is intended only to be used by Clients that, for some reason, are unable to use the jwks_uri parameter, for instance, by native applications that might not have a location to host the contents of the JWK Set. If a Client can use jwks_uri, it must not use jwks. One significant downside of jwks is that it does not enable key rotation (which jwks_uri does). The jwks_uri and jwks parameters must not be used together.
sector_identifier_uri URL using the https scheme to be used in calculating Pseudonymous Identifiers by the OP. The URL references a file with a single JSON array of redirect_uri values. Providers that use pairwise sub (subject) values utilizes the sector_identifier_uri value provided in the Subject Identifier calculation for pairwise identifiers.
subject_type subject_type requested for responses to this Client. The subject_types_supported Discovery parameter contains a list of the supported subject_type values for this server. Valid types include pairwise and public.
id_token_signed_response_alg JWS alg algorithm (JWA) required for signing the ID Token issued to this Client. The value none must not be used as the ID Token alg value unless the Client uses only Response Types that return no ID Token from the Authorization Endpoint (such as when only using the Authorization Code Flow). The default, if omitted, is RS256. The public key for validating the signature is provided by retrieving the JWK Set referenced by the jwks_uri element from OpenID Connect Discovery.
id_token_encrypted_response_alg JWE alg algorithm (JWA) required for encrypting the ID Token issued to this Client. If this is requested, the response will be signed then encrypted, with the result being a Nested JWT. The default, if omitted, is that no encryption is performed.
id_token_encrypted_response_enc JWE enc algorithm (JWA) required for encrypting the ID Token issued to this Client. If id_token_encrypted_response_alg is specified, the default for this value is A128CBC-HS256. When id_token_encrypted_response_enc is included, id_token_encrypted_response_alg must also be provided.
userinfo_signed_response_alg JWS alg algorithm (JWA) required for signing UserInfo Responses. If this is specified, the response will be JWT serialized, and signed using JWS. The default, if omitted, is for the UserInfo Response to return the Claims as a UTF-8 encoded JSON object using the application/json content-type.
userinfo_encrypted_response_alg JWE alg algorithm (JWA) required for encrypting UserInfo Responses. If both signing and encryption are requested, the response will be signed then encrypted, with the result being a Nested JWT. The default, if omitted, is that no encryption is performed.
userinfo_encrypted_response_enc JWE enc algorithm (JWA) required for encrypting UserInfo Responses. If userinfo_encrypted_response_alg is specified, the default for this value is A128CBC-HS256. When userinfo_encrypted_response_enc is included, userinfo_encrypted_response_alg must also be provided.
request_object_signing_alg JWS alg algorithm (JWA) that must be used for signing Request Objects sent to the OP. All Request Objects from this Client are rejected, if not signed with this algorithm. This algorithm is used both when the Request Object is passed by value (using the request parameter) and when it is passed by reference (using the request_uri parameter). The value none may be used. The default, if omitted, is that any algorithm supported by the OP and the RP may be used.
request_object_encryption_alg JWE alg algorithm (JWA) the RP is declaring that it may use for encrypting Request Objects sent to the OP. This parameter should be included when symmetric encryption will be used, since this signals to the OP that a client_secret value needs to be returned from which the symmetric key will be derived, that might not otherwise be returned. The RP may still use other supported encryption algorithms or send unencrypted Request Objects, even when this parameter is present. If both signing and encryption are requested, the Request Object will be signed then encrypted, with the result being a Nested JWT. The default, if omitted, is that the RP is not declaring whether it might encrypt any Request Objects.
request_object_encryption_enc JWE enc algorithm (JWA) the RP is declaring that it may use for encrypting Request Objects sent to the OP. If request_object_encryption_alg is specified, the default for this value is A128CBC-HS256. When request_object_encryption_enc is included, request_object_encryption_alg must also be provided.
token_endpoint_auth_method Requested Client Authentication method for the Token Endpoint. The options are client_secret_post, client_secret_basic, client_secret_jwt, private_key_jwt, and none. If omitted, the default is client_secret_basic, the HTTP Basic Authentication Scheme.
token_endpoint_auth_signing_alg JWS alg algorithm (JWA) that must be used for signing the JWT used to authenticate the Client at the Token Endpoint for the private_key_jwt and client_secret_jwt authentication methods. All Token Requests using these authentication methods from this Client are rejected, if the JWT is not signed with this algorithm. The value none must not be used. The default, if omitted, is that any algorithm supported by the OP and the RP MAY be used.
default_max_age Default Maximum Authentication Age. Specifies that the End-User must be actively authenticated if the End-User was authenticated longer ago than the specified number of seconds. The max_age request parameter overrides this default value. If omitted, no default Maximum Authentication Age is specified.
require_auth_time Boolean value specifying whether the auth_time Claim in the ID Token is required. It is required when the value is true. (If this is false, the auth_time Claim can still be dynamically requested as an individual Claim for the ID Token using the claims request parameter) If omitted, the default value is false.
default_acr_values Default requested Authentication Context Class Reference values. Array of strings that specifies the default acr values that the OP is being requested to use for processing requests from this Client, with the values appearing in order of preference. The Authentication Context Class satisfied by the authentication performed is returned as the acr Claim Value in the issued ID Token. The acr Claim is requested as a Voluntary Claim by this parameter. The acr_values_supported discovery element contains a list of the supported acr values supported by this server. Values specified in the acr_values request parameter or an individual acr Claim request override these default values.
initiate_login_uri URI using the https scheme that a third party can use to initiate a login by the RP. The URI must accept requests via both GET and POST. The Client must understand the login_hint and iss parameters and should support the target_link_uri parameter.
request_uris request_uri values that are pre-registered by the RP for use at the OP. The Servers cache the contents of the files referenced by these URIs and not retrieve them at the time they are used in a request. OPs can require that request_uri values used be pre-registered with the require_request_uri_registration discovery parameter. If the contents of the request file could ever change, these URI values should include the base64url encoded SHA-256 hash value of the file contents referenced by the URI as the value of the URI fragment. If the fragment value used for a URI changes, that signals the server that its cached value for that URI with the old fragment value is no longer valid.

Response#

Client Registration Response#

Upon successful registration, the client registration returns the newly-created Client Identifier and, if applicable, a Client Secret, along with all registered Metadata about this Client, including any fields provisioned by the Authorization Server itself. The Authorization Server MAY reject or replace any of the Client's requested field values and substitute them with suitable values. If this happens, the Authorization Server MUST include these fields in the response to the Client. An Authorization Server MAY ignore values provided by the client, and MUST ignore any fields sent by the Client that it does not understand.

The response MAY contain a Registration Access Token that can be used by the Client to perform subsequent operations upon the resulting Client registration.

A successful response SHOULD use the HTTP 201 Created status code and return a JSON document [RFC4627] using the application/json content type with the following fields and the Client Metadata parameters as top-level members of the root JSON object:

Parameter Description Required
client_id Unique Client Identifier. It MUST NOT be currently valid for any other registered Client. Required
client_secret Client Secret. The same Client Secret value MUST NOT be assigned to multiple Clients. This value is used by Confidential Clients to authenticate to the Token Endpoint. It is not needed for Clients selecting a `token_endpoint_auth_method` of `private_key_jwt` unless symmetric encryption will be used. Optional
registration_access_token Registration Access Token that can be used at the Client Configuration Endpoint to perform subsequent operations upon the Client registration. Optional
registration_client_uri Location of the Client Configuration Endpoint where the Registration Access Token can be used to perform subsequent operations upon the resulting Client registration. Implementations MUST either return both a Client Configuration Endpoint and a Registration Access Token or neither of them. Optional
client_id_issued_at Time at which the Client Identifier was issued. Its value is a JSON number representing the number of seconds from 1970-01-01T0:0:0Z as measured in UTC until the date/time. Optional
client_secret_expires_at If client_secret is issued. Time at which the client_secret will expire or 0 if it will not expire. Its value is a JSON number representing the number of seconds from 1970-01-01T0:0:0Z as measured in UTC until the date/time. Required

Client Registration Error Response#

Status Code Reason
400 invalid_request The request is missing a required parameter, includes an unsupported parameter or parameter value, repeats the same parameter, uses more than one method for including an access token, or is otherwise malformed. The resource server SHOULD respond with the HTTP 400 (Bad Request) status code.
401 invalid_token The access token provided is expired, revoked, malformed, or invalid for other reasons. The resource SHOULD respond with the HTTP 401 (Unauthorized) status code. The client MAY request a new access token and retry the protected resource request.
403 insufficient_scope The request requires higher privileges than provided by the access token. The resource server SHOULD respond with the HTTP 403 (Forbidden) status code and MAY include the "scope" attribute with the scope necessary to access the protected resource.
302 access_denies The request is denied by the authorization server.

Other members MAY also be used. This specification defines the following error codes:

Status Code Description
invalid_redirect_uri The value of one or more redirect_uris is invalid.
invalid_client_metadata The value of one of the Client Metadata fields is invalid and the server has rejected this request. Note that an Authorization Server MAY choose to substitute a valid value for any requested parameter of a Client's Metadata.

Below is an example of Error Response

  HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
  Content-Type: application/json
  Cache-Control: no-store
  Pragma: no-cache

  {
   "error": "invalid_redirect_uri",
   "error_description": "One or more redirect_uri values are invalid"
  }

registerPut#

PUT /oxauth/restv1/register

This operation updates the Client Metadata for a registered client.

URL#

http://gluu.org/oxauth/restv1/register

Parameters#

The request is sent as an HTTP PUT request to the client registration endpoint with JSON object containing updated client's metadata in its body.

Parameter Description
client_id Url query parameter containing id of the client to update
Authorization header Authorization header carrying "registration_access_token" issued before as a Bearer token
Request's body JSON object containing client's metadata

Response#

Client Identificator or INUM, a client shared secret and the account expiration date in a JSON Response

registerGet#

GET /oxauth/restv1/register

This operation retrieves the Client Metadata for a previously registered client.

URL#

http://gluu.org/oxauth/register

Parameters#

The request is sent as an HTTP POST to the client registration endpoint as JSON with the parameters.

Parameter Description
client_id URL query parameter containing id of the client which properties are being requested
Authorization header Authorization header carrying "registration_access_token" issued before as a Bearer token

Response#

Client Identificator or INUM, a client shared secret and the account expiration date in a JSON Response

Errors#

Status Code Reason
400 invalid_request The request is missing a required parameter, includes an unsupported parameter or parameter value, repeats the same parameter, uses more than one method for including an access token, or is otherwise malformed. The resource server SHOULD respond with the HTTP 400 (Bad Request) status code.
401 invalid_token The access token provided is expired, revoked, malformed, or invalid for other reasons. The resource SHOULD respond with the HTTP 401 (Unauthorized) status code. The client MAY request a new access token and retry the protected resource request.
403 insufficient_scope The request requires higher privileges than provided by the access token. The resource server SHOULD respond with the HTTP 403 (Forbidden) status code and MAY include the "scope" attribute with the scope necessary to access the protected resource.
302 access_denies The request is denied by the authorization server.

OpenID Connect End Session API#

Overview#

Path#

/oxauth/restv1/end_session

requestEndSession#

GET

/oxauth/restv1/end_session

End current Connect session.

URL#
http://gluu.org/oxauth/restv1/end_session
Parameters#
  • query

               
    Parameter Required Description Data Type
    id_token_hint true Previously issued ID Token (id_token) passed to the logout endpoint as a hint about the End-User's current authenticated session with the Client. This is used as an indication of the identity of the End-User that the RP is requesting be logged out by the OP. The OP need not be listed as an audience of the ID Token when it is used as an id_token_hint value. string
    post_logout_redirect_uri false URL to which the RP is requesting that the End-User's User Agent be redirected after a logout has been performed. The value MUST have been previously registered with the OP, either using the post_logout_redirect_uris Registration parameter or via another mechanism. If supplied, the OP SHOULD honor this request following the logout. string
    state false Opaque value used by the RP to maintain state between the logout request and the callback to the endpoint specified by the post_logout_redirect_uri parameter. If included in the logout request, the OP passes this value back to the RP using the state query parameter when redirecting the User Agent back to the RP. string
    session_state falseJSON [RFC7159] string that represents the End-User's login state at the OP. It MUST NOT contain the space (" ") character. This value is opaque to the RP. This is REQUIRED if session management is supported. string

Response#

Client Identificator or INUM, a client shared secret and the account expiration date in a JSON Response

Errors#

Status Code Reason
400 invalid_request The request is missing a required parameter, includes an unsupported parameter or parameter value, repeats the same parameter, uses more than one method for including an access token, or is otherwise malformed. The resource server SHOULD respond with the HTTP 400 (Bad Request) status code.
400 invalid_grant The provided access token is invalid, or was issued to another client.

OpenID Connect User Info API#

Overview#

Path#

/oxauth/restv1/userinfo

requestUserInfoPost#

POST

/oxauth/restv1/userinfo

Returns Claims about the authenticated End-User. The Access Token obtained from an OpenID Connect Authentication Request is sent as a Bearer Token.

URL#
http://gluu.org/oxauth/restv1/userinfo
Parameters#
  • form

    Parameter Required Description Data Type
    access_token true OAuth 2.0 Access Token. string
    - header

    Parameter Required Description Data Type
    Authorization false string

Response#

JSON[Response]

Errors#

Status Code Reason
400 invalid_request The request is missing a required parameter, includes an unsupported parameter or parameter value, repeats the same parameter, uses more than one method for including an access token, or is otherwise malformed. The resource server SHOULD respond with the HTTP 400 (Bad Request) status code.
401 invalid_token The access token provided is expired, revoked, malformed, or invalid for other reasons. The resource SHOULD respond with the HTTP 401 (Unauthorized) status code. The client MAY request a new access token and retry the protected resource request.
403 insufficient_scope The request requires higher privileges than provided by the access token. The resource server SHOULD respond with the HTTP 403 (Forbidden) status code and MAY include the "scope" attribute with the scope necessary to access the protected resource.

requestUserInfoGet#

GET /oxauth/restv1/userinfo

Returns Claims about the authenticated End-User. The Access Token obtained from an OpenID Connect Authentication Request is sent as a Bearer Token.

URL#
http://gluu.org/oxauth/restv1/userinfo
Parameters#
  • query

    Parameter Required Description Data Type
    access_token true OAuth 2.0 Access Token. string
    - header

    Parameter Required Description Data Type
    Authorization false string

Response#

JSON[Response]

Errors#

Status Code Reason
400 invalid_request The request is missing a required parameter, includes an unsupported parameter or parameter value, repeats the same parameter, uses more than one method for including an access token, or is otherwise malformed. The resource server SHOULD respond with the HTTP 400 (Bad Request) status code.
401 invalid_token The access token provided is expired, revoked, malformed, or invalid for other reasons. The resource SHOULD respond with the HTTP 401 (Unauthorized) status code. The client MAY request a new access token and retry the protected resource request.
403 insufficient_scope The request requires higher privileges than provided by the access token. The resource server SHOULD respond with the HTTP 403 (Forbidden) status code and MAY include the "scope" attribute with the scope necessary to access the protected resource.