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Customizing Public Pages#

Most organizations will want to edit and customize the look and feel of public-facing Gluu Server pages to match their corporate branding. The following documentation provides file locations of public facing pages and instructions for adding custom HTML, CSS, and Javascript files to your Gluu Server.

Public pages include:

  • All included sign-in pages
  • Registration
  • Password Recovery
  • Error Pages
  • Logout pages


Customizations should be made by people with a solid understanding of web development. Before changing files, we strongly recommend creating backups.


The Gluu Server's public facing pages are XHTML files. Each Gluu Server component is deployed as a separate archive in WAR format. When any component's service is started, its archive is unpacked ("exploded") to Jetty's temporary file directory located under /opt/jetty-<VERSION>/temp/ before it can start serving requests for associated functionality.

To add customizations, the appropriate file needs to be changed either at that temporary location, or inside the corresponding archive itself. Changes made directly to unpacked files under /opt/jetty-<VERSION>/temp/ will not be persisted--each time a component's service is restarted its WAR archive will be re-exploded, overwritting the existing content on the disk.

A typical example is customizing the default oxAuth login page. There are two ways to achieve this:

  1. Un-pack the needed files from /opt/gluu/jetty/oxauth/webapps/oxauth.war with a tool like jar, update them and add them back to the archive with all required dependencies (not recommended);

  2. Add the changed files under /opt/gluu/jetty/oxauth/custom/ directory, so they can be used instead of the standard files in oxauth.war. (Note: the same approach will work for oxTrust if files are placed under /opt/gluu/jetty/identity/custom/).

The benefit of using the second approach is that customizations will not be disrupted when changes are made to the WAR files, for example, if the instance is patched or updated, and a WAR archive is overwritten. More on this method below.

Directory structure and mappings#

Directory trees are included inside the Gluu Server chroot to make page customizations easier. Each tree is placed in the configuration directory of the corresponding Gluu component (only customization of oxAuth and oxTrust pages is supported at the moment by this feature).

The directory structure can be illustrated as follows (only directories related to this feature are shown for clarity):


|-- custom
|   |-- i18n
|   |-- libs
|   |-- pages
|   `-- static


|-- custom
|   |-- i18n
|   |-- libs
|   |-- pages
|   `-- static


Customized i18n should be placed in the following directories:

Resources from this folder will be loaded at next service restart.

Sub-directories custom/pages have a special purpose. They enable overriding exploded xhtml pages from the unpacked WAR archive. The path to exploded war conforms to following scheme:


So, for example, the path to an exploded oxAuth's WAR archive directory may look like this (and may be changed the next time the corresponding service is restarted):


Thus, a modified login.xhtml page put under custom/pages/ will be used instead of webapp/login.xhtml from the exploded archive. You can use files unpacked there as a base for your own customized files.


Jetty included in earlier Gluu 3.x packages is known to create duplicated directories under /opt/jetty-<VERSION>/temp/ for each of its components. In case you encounter this issue, it's recommended to stop the corresponding service and remove all related subdirectories from the temp/ directory. After re-starting the service, its WAR archive will be unpacked again.

Customized libs for oxAuth should be placed in the following directories:


Custom CSS or images should be placed under custom/static directory. To avoid collisions with static resources from WAR files, Gluu maps this folder to URL's path like this: /{oxauth|identity}/ext/resources

So, for example, CSS file placed at this path:




...will be externally available at a URL similar to this:


...and should be referenced from inside of source codes of customized files by path like this:




All images should be placed under:





You can change the logo on every public-facing page here. Place your image in /static/img and name it logo.png.

And all CSS are inside:




Location of key webpage source files#

Default Gluu's public-facing pages can be a good base for your organization's customized ones. Aside from extracting them directly from a corresponding WAR file, they can be found at Jetty's temp directory to which they are unpacked each time a corresponding service starts.


oxAuth is the core Gluu CE component, handling all authentication in the framework and implementing OpenID Connect and UMA flows. Most of the web UI pages displayed to end users belong to oxAuth (login/logout/authorization flows).

Base directory: /opt/jetty-<VERSION>/temp/jetty-localhost-8081-oxauth.war-_oxauth-any-<RANDOM_TAG>.dir/webapp/

  • Default login page: ./login.xhtml
  • Authorization page: ./authorize.xhtml
  • Logout page: ./logout.xhtml
  • Error page: ./error.xhtml
  • Custom authentication scripts; XHTML files under: ./webapp/auth/


oxTrust is responsible for displaying the Gluu Server's default registration page, as well as the administrator web UI's pages.

Base directory: /opt/jetty-<VERSION>/temp/jetty-localhost-8082-identity.war-_identity-any-<RANDOM_TAG>.dir/webapp/

  • Registration page: ./register.xhtml

Applying changes#

The oxAuth and oxTrust services need to be restarted for customizations to be applied. The next commands will restart corresponding Jetty's JVMs inside container:

# service oxauth stop
# service oxauth start
# service identity stop
# service identity start


There is a 10 second delay on page modification reload.

An Example: Changing Primary Key name for Login#

Your organzation might use "Email Address" as the primary key for users instead of "Username". In this example, we will change the field on the login page from "Username" to "Email Address".

  1. Log into the Gluu container: # service gluu-server-3.1.8 login

  2. Grab login.xhtml from jetty-9.x/temp location to /opt/gluu/jetty/oxauth/custom/pages: cp /opt/jetty-9.4/temp/jetty-localhost-8081-oxauth.war-_oxauth-any-13153919175814468.dir/webapp/login.xhtml /opt/gluu/jetty/oxauth/custom/pages/

  3. Modify attribute value to 'Email Address' under the form-group class:

    <h:inputHidden id="platform"/>
          <div class="form-group">
              <h:outputLabel styleClass="col-sm-4 control-label" for="username" value="Email Address" />
                  <div class="col-sm-8">
  4. Restart oxAuth's service inside the container to display the changes:

    service oxauth stop && service oxauth start


    Don't forget to apply appropriate file system permissions if needed.