Apache SAML

Configuring Apache Shibboleth SP in CentOS

System Preparation

Add Shibboleth repository for CentOS

  • The file shib.repo contains the following entry:
name=Shibboleth (CentOS_CentOS-6)
  • Download the Shibboleth security repo key from here:

Shibboleth SP Installation

To install the Shibboleth SP, run the following commands in a terminal:

# yum install shibboleth
# service shibd start
# chkconfig shibd on

Install and Configure httpd


The following commands will both install, and start the Apache web server on your machine/Linux environment:

# yum install httpd
# service httpd start
# service iptables stop 


Edit the file httpd.conf, and do the following changes:

  • Change the ServerName directive to the server name of the SP.

  • Set UseCanonicalName On.

  • Restart the httpd service using the command service httpd restart.

Httpd Testing

  • Create an index.html file inside the directory /var/www/html.

  • Restart the httpd service using the command service httpd restart.

  • Check from your browser if the file index.html is visible.

SP Key Certificate

  • Create both a private key, and a certificate, and place those in the file /etc/shibboleth.

  • Change the permissions of these files so that the web server can read the files.

Shibboleth SP Configuration

This section describes how to configure the file shibboleth2.xml.

  • Provide the entityID of the according SP in:

    • <ApplicationDefaults entityID="http://sp.example.org/Shibboleth"> section
  • Provide the entityID of the IdP in:

    • <SSO entityID="https://idp.gluu.org/idp/shibboleth"> section
  • Adjust the entry of the metadata provider. In most cases this is the Gluu IdP metadata link:

    • <MetadataProvider type="XML" uri="https://idp.gluu.org/idp/shibboleth"> section
  • Provide both the key and certificate of the SP in:

    • <CredentialResolver type="File" key="spkey.key" certificate="spcrt.crt"> section

Shibboleth Manual Configuration (one Physical SP):

  • Create a directory named under /var/www/secure.

  • Change the permissions for that directory secure to apache:apache (owner and group of the web server).

  • httpd.conf

    • change the ServerName <hostname_of_server>

    • Define the Location, and the authorization type:

      <Location /secure> AuthType shibboleth ShibRequestSetting requireSession 1 ShibUseHeaders on Require valid-user </Location>

  • configure shibboleth2.xml

    • Set the EntityID of the SP: ApplicationDefaults entityID="http://hostname/secure"

    • Provide the EntityID of the IDP: SSO entityID="https://idp.gluu.org/idp/shibboleth"

    • Set both the Metadata Provider, and the IDP: MetadataProvider type="XML" uri="https://idp.gluu.org/idp/shibboleth"

  • Restart both shibd and Apache2 using these lines:

service shibd restart
service httpd restart
  • Create a Trust Relationship for this SP in your desired IdP.